Sikhs Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji (1621-1675)
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was the ninth Guru of the Sikhs and he
was God in the form of a human. Guru Ji was born at Amritsar in 1621. His father
was Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji and his mother was Mata Nankee. At birth, his name
was Bhai Teg Bahadur.
Bhai Teg Bahadur was a very pious man and the grand-uncle of Guru Har Krishan Ji. In Sikhism, many people just say that this relationship is like a grandfather. This is why Guru Har Krishan Ji, upon leaving for his heavenly abode, said "Baba Bakale." This literally means "Grandfather in Bakale." At this time, Bhai Teg Bahadur became Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji.
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji made major contributions to Sikhism. Guru Ji took traveled to many places in order to spread the message of Sikhism. During the Guru Ji's time, Aurangzeb was forcefully converting Hindus into Islam. While Guru Ji was at Patna Sahib, some Hindu pundits from Kashmir came to him in order to get his advice. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji said that it would be necessary for some spiritual leader to give up his life for the cause. At this time, Bhai Gobind Rai, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji's son said that there could be no one better than Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji.
Upon hearing these words, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji knew that Bhai Gobind Rai was ready to become the Guru and now he could sacrifice his life for the cause. Guru Ji was arrested by Aurangzeb's forces along with three Sikhs. After torturing these Sikhs to death, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was given three choices: 1) Convert to Islam; 2) Perform a miracle; 3) Prepare to die. Guru Ji choose to die instead of taking the other choices. In this way, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was martyred in 1675 at the age of 54.