Sikhs religion - Gurdwaras: Place of God
The word 'Gurdwara' means Guru's home. It is the Sikh place of
worship. Gurdwaras, or Sikh Temples, were built at important
Sikh historical places in memory of events that had occurred
there. It is not easy to name each and everyone. However, like
all religions, Sikhism has some Gurdwaras that have more
historical significance than others. Harmandir Sahib is the most
famous and world known Gurdwara.
Gurdwaras have been built all over the world where there is a Sikh population. The first Gurdwara in north America was built in 1912 in Stockton. A Gurdwara not only serves as a place of worship and singing hymns but also serves as a center to promote Sikh culture and knowledge of Sikh history. Rooms are set aside in Gurdwara buildings for schools/libraries to promote the teaching of Punjabi, religious education, music etc. The Gurdwara provides religious and community service. 'Nishan Sahib' (Sikh Flag) flies high on every Sikh Gurdwara. The Gurdwara building has a Congregation hall and a langar hall. They might be your neighbors but you never knew and you did not feel comfortable asking them. In most of the big cities there are Gurdwaras where they hold congregations on Sundays.
Harmandir Sahib is commonly called Darbar Sahib or Golden Temple. The Golden Temple name is given because it is covered in the gold plating. It is the most holy and chief shrine for the Sikhs. It was built by Guru Arjan Dev Ji in Amritsar. It is built in the middle of a square tank called Sarovar. It has four doors, one in each direction, indicating it is open to all. Golden Temple is known world wide. Visitors from all over the world visit this Gurdwara.
The Akal Takhat is the oldest and the first Takhat of the Sikhs. It is inside the Golden Temple Complex in Amritsar. It was built by Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. The Akal Takhat is the political center or in other words the highest seat of justice and worldly activity of the Sikhs.
Keshgarh Sahib is a very important Gurdwara at Anandpur Sahib in Punjab. This is the place where Guru Gobind Singh Ji had started the Khalsa Order by creating Khalsa brotherhood on the Baisakhi of 1699 AD, explaining the Panj Pyaras and five K's.
Damdama Sahib is located in Talwandi Sabo in Punjab. Guru Gobind Singh Ji stayed here for nearly a year and prepared the Guru Granth Sahib Ji by revising and recompiling scriptures and this revised version is the eternal Guru of the Sikhs.
Patna Sahib, also Known as Sri Harmander Sahib is a very important Gurdwara in Patna, Bihar. It is the birth place of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Hazoor sahib is a very important Gurdwara in the City of Nanded in Maharashtra. Guru Gobind Singh Ji went for his heavenly abode here. It was here that he passed the permanent Guruship to Guru Granth Sahib Ji before his heavenly abode.